An engine coolant temperature sensor is essential for the optimal performance of your car.
The engine coolant temperature sensor’s job is to measure the coolant temperature for the engine control module.
With this information, the engine control module adjusts the air-fuel mixture depending on the temperature.
This article will discuss the most common symptoms of a bad coolant temperature sensor, location, replacement cost, and how to diagnose it.
8 Symptoms of a Bad Coolant Temperature Sensor
- Check Engine Light
- Poor Mileage
- Electrical cooling fans not coming on
- Black smoke from the exhaust pipe
- Difficult starting condition
- Engine overheats
- Rough idle
- Poor engine performance
Like every other component, the ECT sensor can also get damaged, resulting in several engine-related problems. Hence, it is advised to have your car inspected right away to avoid any serious problems.
Here is a more detailed list of the common symptoms of a bad coolant temperature sensor.
Check Engine Light
One of the first symptoms you will notice is that the check engine light will activate.
If the computer detects any problem with the sensor’s circuit, it will illuminate the check engine light, indicating that the car needs an inspection.
If you see a check engine light on your dashboard, it is time to check the trouble codes with an OBD2 scanner.
A faulty ECT sensor can send a false signal to the onboard computer, resulting in an incorrect air-fuel mixture. For example, a faulty sensor can send a signal indicating the engine is cold when it is not, and more fuel will heat the engine quickly.
This will cause the fuel economy to drop and decrease the engine’s performance.
Electrical Cooling Fans not coming on
Some cars use the engine coolant temperature sensor to control the electric cooling fans. You have two separate temperature sensors for the fans, dashboard gauge, and engine management in most cars.
However, if your car has a single sensor, a bad engine coolant temperature sensor may result in your fans won’t start at all.
Black Smoke from the Exhaust Pipe
Due to an incorrect engine temperature signal, the ECU may enrich the fuel mixture to a point where the combustion process becomes difficult.
The excessive fuel will burn in the exhaust pipe and will produce thick black smoke.
Difficult Starting Condition
The starting moment of a car is very critical with the amount of fuel getting injected into the engine. If the air-fuel mixture is faulty, you might find your car difficult or impossible to start.
The cooling fan, which is behind the radiator grille, removes heat from the engine’s coolant. This fan is electrically controlled and relies on the signal from the onboard computer.
If the fan receives a false signal, the fan might not turn on, causing the engine to overheat. Some vehicles have a separate coolant temperature sensor for the fan, but many cars use the same sensor.
Due to a faulty ECT sensor, the fuel mixture will adjust. This will cause the engine to vibrate or shake when the car is at low speed and lead to other power losses and strange behaviours.
The engine is very sensitive to wrong air-fuel mixtures at idle and this is a condition when you might notice that something is wrong with your engine coolant temperature sensor.
Poor Engine performance
The engine coolant temperature sensor can have a hard impact on the air-fuel mixture. A bad air-fuel mixture can also cause the engine performance to drop drastically.
If you feel that the engine performance is not what it has been before, it may be due to a faulty engine coolant temperature sensor.
What is a Coolant Temperature Sensor?
Coolant temperature sensors are also known as engine coolant temperature sensors or ECT sensors. The principle working of this sensor involves the use of an electrical resistance that measures the temperature of the coolant. These measurements produce essential data for the engine system of your vehicle.
The readings produced from the coolant temperature sensor are transmitted to the engine control unit, where they are utilized as data for regulating and maintaining the proper ignition time and the optimal fuel injection through the computerized approach.
Coolant Temperature Sensor Location
The engine coolant temperature sensor is usually located on the engine block or cylinder head. It is often installed on a plastic hose on the coolant’s inlet.
Different brands and car manufacturers have different ways of placing the coolant temperature sensor depending on the car design.
Some vehicles may have more than one temperature sensor, as sometimes different sensors are used to signal to the dashboard, cooling fan control, and the control unit of your engine system.
With two sensors, we usually consider sending signals to the control unit as the coolant temperature sensor.
Coolant Temperature Sensor Replacement Cost
A coolant temperature sensor costs 30$ to 100$ and the labor costs 40$ to 150$. You can expect 70$ to 250$ for an engine coolant temperature sensor replacement.
The coolant temperature sensor itself is often quite cheap and you can often find them around 40$ for a quality one. There are cheaper ones on the market, but I heavily recommend buying a quality one like Bosch to skip the headaches.
The replacement is often also quite straightforward, except that you might have to pour out all coolant from the engine and refill it – which means that you have to remove all air from the coolant system, which can be difficult.
However, if you are fast replacing the sensor, there is often no need to tap out the coolant, but this requires some skills.
Remember to always make sure the coolant temperature is low when doing this kind of work!!
How to Diagnose a Faulty Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor?
To diagnose the coolant temperature sensor, you need a repair manual for your car model to find what measurement values you should expect from the coolant temperature sensor.
- Connect an OBD2 Scanner and look for related trouble codes. Check the live data to see the temperature from the sensor. If it is way off the range, check the wirings, and replace the sensor.
- Locate the coolant temperature sensor in your vehicle by referring to the service manual.
- Find the coolant temperature sensor and remove the connector plugs.
- If you have two pins on the coolant temperature sensor, you can try ohm measure between these two pins.
- Check your repair manual for the correct ohm-value at a given temperature.
- If the value is wrong – replace the sensor.
- If it seems fine, check the wirings and connectors between the coolant temperature sensor and the engine control module.
Hi, I’m Magnus, the owner and the writer of Mechanic Base. I have been working with cars for 10 years, specialized in diagnostics and troubleshooting. I created this blog because I was tired of finding false information on the web while looking for repair information. I hope you enjoy my content!