Steering Wheel

Steering Angle Sensor Symptoms, Location & Replacement Cost

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Modern vehicles come with a plethora of sensors connected with a vehicle’s central computer or the PCM.

One sensor is the steering angle sensor, responsible for keeping a check on the car’s stability and traction. This sensor is linked to the car’s stability technology, which comes under various names.

Every manufacturer has a unique name for their vehicle’s stability technology, but a different name doesn’t change the fact that the technology used by all manufacturers is basically the same.

In this article, we will talk about the symptoms of a bad steering angle sensor, location, and replacement cost.

4 Bad Steering Angle Sensor Symptoms

Any sensor can wear out due to constant use. It is common knowledge that electronic components have a certain lifespan.

Once the component reaches the end of its lifespan, it starts to lose its efficiency. However, every failing car part gives off signs that can alert you and prompt you to take quick action.

The most common symptoms of a bad steering angle sensor are check engine light, traction control light, heavy steering, and bad stability.

Here is a more detailed list of the most common symptoms of a bad steering angle sensor.

1. Check Engine Light

Check Engine Light Reset Itself

Older cars had a sensor that was privy to the ECU. The check engine light signifies all ECU problems, so this light illuminating in your dashboard can signify any number of problems associated with the powertrain.

The traction control and the engine control unit are connected and require a signal from the steering angle sensor; if this signal is faulty, it will light up the warning light.

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Therefore, if you see this light coming on in the dashboard, you might have a bad steering angle sensor.

2. Traction Control Light Illuminates

Car Esp Light

As mentioned before, the steering angle sensor is connected to the traction control system also.

The traction control system uses the steering angle sensor to measure how much you are turning the car and making adjustments if you are driving on a slippery surface.

If the steering angle sensor fails to deliver a correct signal, the traction control light will illuminate.

You may also notice other warning lights like the ABS or the Airbag light. The airbag is usually integrated into the steering angle sensor part, so if the steering angle sensor wirings are broken, you might also have problems with the airbag.

3. Heavy Steering Wheel Turning

Heavy Steering

Most modern cars use electric power steering. For this power steering to work properly and know when to start the power steering pump, a measurement of the steering angle is required. The steering angle sensor is handling this job.

The sensor might have sent inaccurate information to the car’s onboard computer, resulting in unnecessary automatic adjustments. The sensor might have stopped functioning entirely, resulting in no information reaching the ECU (this will trigger the traction control light) will stop the power steering from working.

4. Car Acts Strange After Wheel Alignment

Wheel Alignment Car

This applies if you have an electric power steering pump, which most modern cars have.

If your car is acting a bit weird or driving strangely even after a wheel alignment, it might be due to a failing steering angle sensor.

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It is important and necessary to reset the steering angle sensor after an alignment. If your mechanic fails to do that, you can have this problem. Therefore, in such a case, revisit your mechanic and have the sensor reset and the wheels realigned.

What Is a Steering Angle Sensor?

Steering Angle Sensor

Modern vehicles are riddled with sensors that signal the vehicle’s onboard computer to take the necessary action regarding certain conditions. The steering angle sensor is one such sensor that is vital for a car and its performance.

The steering angle sensor, as its name suggests, senses the steering angle. There are two major types of steering angle sensors: analog and digital.

Both use different methods to detect the steering angle. The digital sensor, which is also the most widely found sensor in cars, uses an LED light to detect the wheel angle, turn rate, and other important information. The sensor then transfers this information to the ECU, which adjusts the way your car controls the traction control.

Location of the Steering Angle Sensor

Steering Angle Sensor Location

The steering angle sensor is in most car models located behind the steering wheel wrapped around the steering column.

Some cars can have it located in the steering gear, but it is quite rare. Some cars also have two steering angle sensors, which makes it important to replace the right one.

You do often need to remove the steering wheel to see or access the steering angle sensor.

Diagnosis of a Failing Steering Angle Sensor

Diagnose Car

Diagnosing if you have a faulty steering angle sensor is often quite easy if you have the right equipment for it.

Diagnosing it with a multimeter is, in most cases, very difficult, and it is much better to use a diagnostic tool.

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Just connect the diagnostic tool and check the live data from the traction control system or engine control unit sent from the steering angle sensor.

Place your steering wheel straight, and you should see a signal of 0 degrees turned. Try to turn a little bit to the right and a little bit to the left and see if the values change. If it doesn’t, you might have a faulty steering angle sensor.

In this case, you need to check if the sensor gets power and ground, and if it does, it is most likely a faulty steering angle sensor causing it.

Steering Angle Sensor Replacement Cost

A steering angle sensor replacement will cost you around $150-$320 on average, with the part costing $120 – $250 and the labor costs averaging at $80 – $150.

The first thing you might wonder after looking at the replacement cost is that it varies a lot. There is no fixed price for the part and no fixed labor cost. This is due to several reasons. Firstly, the part’s price can depend on the make of your car and its model year.

You need to know that you need to find a mechanic with the required diagnostic tools to do this job for you. After the steering angle sensor is replaced, it needs to be calibrated.

Some steering angle sensors are integrated with the steering column control unit, which means it needs to be programmed into the car. But this is quite rare.

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19 thoughts on “ Steering Angle Sensor Symptoms, Location & Replacement Cost ”

Comments
  1. hii, does active steering inactive issue can be solved by replacing steering angle sensor for BMW cars??

    Problems of my car:
    1) active steering inactive error appears
    2) Steering is very tight
    3) Steering angle is at 20 degree towards the left (i.e 120 degree)

    1. Author

      @sreejin dharmarajan

      I do really think your problem would be solved with a wheel alignment if all bushings etc are okay! If the wheel alignment is faulty on newer cars, you will get an error code on the steering angle sensor also.

      1. just change my outter tie rods . didn’t get a wheel alignment now my dash light is on like tcs. mechanic said that the steering angle sensor is the problem. I didn’t have this problem before I changed. the tie rods. do you think a alignment might fix the problem.

        1. Author

          If your steering wheel is not pointing straight forward when you are driving after the replacement, it’s most likely the cause of the TCS light. It’s always recommended to do a alignment after a tie rod replacement, because if you are not doing one you will most likely wear out your tires fast (It’s cheaper to do a wheel alignment)

          1. Can you tell me where exactly the steering angle senor is located on 2009 f150 platinum truck. Because I’m getting different answers

          2. I had four flat tires and once they were replaced my car has slack in the steering and the traction control light is on

          1. Will the a faulty or broken position steering sensor cuase your AWD or 4 WD to stop working…?

  2. Will bad sensor make you lose power steering and make steering wheel jump

    1. Author

      Yes especially if you have an electric power steering, a faulty steering angle sensor can cause loss of power steering. The steering wheel jump may also be caused by a SAS.

  3. Do you need a sensor reset when having an alignment on a 2015 Toyota rave 4 le

  4. Hi i also have a problem with my bmw e65 my radio cuts off suddenly,my steering buttons,hooter are not working aswel even if yu want to change to manual drive its not responding.what could the problem?

  5. Hi I’ve recently Changed shock and hub on my
    430d bmw and took it to alignment after, now my traction control light on and the steering wheel keep moving to the left when driving and braking any help ? Many thanks

  6. Can i ask about lexus 470L 2013 what if the steering angle not calibrated, it possible will cause no acceleration and no power of the car? If the steering angle not calibrated the car will be in safemode? Thanks

  7. WE have a 2016 Ford Focus SE It was in an accident on drivers side front. The hill assist and traction control lights are on. We have repaired, replaced rack and pinion, replaced left front suspension (all) and these lights are still on. the air bags were deployed and have been replaced. We are now wondering if it is the steering rotation sensor or clock spring? Any ideas?

  8. Hi, I replaced rack and pinion on a trailblazer. I bought a used rack complete with tie rods. Now the steering is out of centre with the traction light on and vehicle is unsafe to drive due to not stable on road. Do you think alignment will fix the issue or possibly something wrong with the rack? Thanks

  9. Hi

    A Citroen C1 causing some problems with 3 different failure codes for missing comunication with steering angle sensor that illuminate the engine check light . 0 point can be found.
    Angle sensor have been replaced but still the same failures.
    The car is running normal but an illuminated check light is not allowed at vehicle inspection in Denmark
    What should we look for and do you need the codes to help us any further ?

  10. The steering wheel angle sensor come on the wheel assist faulty is on first a trac light than 2wheel assist do we need both

  11. Just booked BMW diagnostics and come up with loads of faults… one being steering wheel alignment . Have two lights on all the time hand brake and traction
    Bmw325i 2002.

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