When you own a car, it is your responsibility to care for it. Many car owners seem to think a car runs on magic dust.
You have to continually check for oil, gas, and coolant in your vehicle, among other things, to make sure your car stays fit for a long time.
Having basic knowledge about your car can help you counter a mechanical problem like your car shutting off while driving.
In this article, we will shed light on the various reasons why your car can shut off while driving so the next time it happens; you are well-prepared.
6 Causes Why Your Car Shuts Off While Driving
In modern vehicles, there are many different sensors and functions to make your car run smoothly. Some parts are more common than others, though.
Here is a list of the 6 most common causes why your car shuts off while driving.
1. Faulty Crankshaft Position Sensor
The most common problem when it comes to a car that shuts off while driving is a defective crankshaft position sensor.
The crankshaft sensor is necessary for your car engine to run at all on most car models.
You also have a camshaft position sensor on some car models, which the car uses if the camshaft sensor is faulty. In this case, a faulty crankshaft position sensor may not cause the car to stop entirely.
However, if your car is only equipped with a crankshaft position sensor and you get a trouble code on the crankshaft position sensor, you need to replace it.
2. Faulty Fuel Pump/Fuel System
A fuel pump has the responsibility to supply the engine with the correct amount of fuel. If the fuel pump is not providing the right amount of fuel to the engine, then the engine will shut off entirely, and you will be left stranded.
The bad news is that there is no bypass for a faulty fuel pump; you have to get it fixed or buy a new one. Another reason could be that your fuel filter got clogged, so the fuel pump can’t pump fuel through it.
A fuel filter is a small component whose only job is to clean the fuel that goes into the engine. If the fuel filter is clogged, the fuel entering the system will be insufficient, and the engine will shut down. Fortunately, it is pretty easy for you to replace a fuel filter.
Most fuel pumps are installed inside the fuel tank. A little mechanic’s secret is to try to give a kick with your foot or something similar on the fuel tank when the car shuts off. If the car starts then, there is most likely a problem with your fuel pump.
Be careful not to hit it with anything with an edge, though, because the fuel tanks are made of plastic, and you may make a hole in it – and that is the last thing you want to do!
3. Empty Fuel Tank
Most car owners probably know that you should check your fuel level now and then while driving.
If you have sufficient fuel for your drive, that is perfect, but if your fuel gauge or fuel level sender has gone faulty and does not show the real level of fuel in your car, you could have a big problem.
An easy way to try if there is a problem with your fuel gauge or fuel level sensor is to fill 1 gallon (4 liters) of fuel to see if it starts.
4. Alternator Problems
An alternator is responsible for managing the supply of electricity in your vehicle. If your car suddenly stops running, the alternator may have gone bad. A faulty alternator will cut power supply to vital car components, and you will notice the lights turning off in the dash or the engine abruptly losing power.
Mostly if your alternator is starting to go bad, you will experience a red battery light on your dashboard now and then.
If your car still has electric power and the starter motor works after it shut off while driving, there is another problem and not the alternator, though.
5. Faulty Ignition Switch
In some cases, a faulty ignition switch can cause your car to shut off while driving. The ignition switch is installed behind the ignition lock and get’s turned while you turn the key to start the car.
Inside of this switch, there are small metal plates that can build up corrosion and rust. If this happens, one of these plates may lose connection, and the whole ignition will get switched off.
This will also cause the whole engine to shut off immediately. Luckily this is pretty easy to check if this is the case.
When the car shuts down – check if these are still lights/ignition lights on your dashboard. If the dashboard instrument is completely dead – there is a big chance that there is a faulty ignition switch.
6. Malfunctioning Sensors
Modern cars are equipped with a lot of sensors to optimize the air-fuel mixture for optimal fuel consumption. If one of these sensors fails and is completely off, your car engine might actually die completely.
Luckily, most of these sensors are not able to shut off the engine completely, though. Sensors like the MAF sensor, Coolant temp sensor, Oxygen sensor could mess with the air-fuel mixture so much that the engine would die.
How to diagnose a car that shuts off while driving
Diagnosing a car that shuts off while driving can be difficult if the problem comes from time to time. However, For a car that just completely died after driving, it is much easier to find the problem.
- Check for any trouble codes in the engine control unit with an OBD2 scanner. Continue the diagnostics of the given trouble code if you get any.
- Fill the tank with 1 Gallon or 4 liters of fuel to ensure the fuel level is good, and there is nothing wrong with the fuel level gauge.
- Check the battery voltage and connect a car battery charger to make sure the battery charge is good.
- If you can start your car after the charging of the car battery. Measure the voltage with a multimeter while the car is running. If it is 13.5-14.5 voltage, your alternator is fine, but if you get under 13 volts while the car is running, there is something wrong with the alternator system.
- Check if the engine has correct fuel pressure with a fuel pressure gauge. If not – check the fuel pump and fuel filter. Replace if faulty.
- Check live data with your diagnostic tool and look for any strange values from the engine sensors. Check if you get RPM from the crankshaft sensor when cranking the engine.
- Check the RPM meter on your dashboard while cranking the engine on the starter motor. If it doesn’t move – there is a big chance that the problem is the crankshaft position sensor.
Hi, I’m Magnus, the owner and the writer of this website. I have been working with cars for 10 years, specialized in diagnostics and troubleshooting. On this blog, I’m sharing my knowledge and everything I know about cars. I hope you enjoy it!