Owning a vehicle can be the highlight of a day and a nightmare all in one. The first time you drive the car off of the lot, you feel like a proud parent. But, those feelings can quickly turn sour the first time the car won’t start.
If you find yourself wondering why your car won’t start, we’ve got some common causes to consider. While there can easily be more, these are 10 probable reasons why your car won’t start. With a little mechanical know-how, you can figure out which one is the culprit.
10 Causes of Car Won’t Start
- Dead Battery
- Dirty or Loose Battery Terminals
- Dead Alternator
- Bad Starter
- Failed Ignition Switch
- Defective Spark Plugs
- Out of Gas
- Clogged Fuel Filter
- Malfunctioning Fuel Pump
- Electronic Malfunction
You get up to go to work and greet the day with a smile, only to hop behind the wheel of your car and find out it won’t start. In many cases, it’s simply a dead battery causing the issue.
Over time, car batteries become weak and fail. Sometimes, you have a warning that it is going to happen and other times, you are surprised. Aside from old age, batteries also die because accessories were left on. If you keep a jump starter in the car, you might be able to get some life into the battery, enough to get to work and home.
Dirty or Loose Battery Terminals
If the battery isn’t dead, it could still be causing your problems. Inspect the connections to make sure nothing got loosened.
The clamps should be secure and tight on the terminals. If there is any kind of corrosion, that could affect the connection. Thankfully, it’s simple to clean the terminals with a solution of baking soda and water.
To prevent this from occurring in the future, make sure you regularly clean the battery terminals and check the connections.
Another reason the car battery dies is because of a faulty alternator. This vital component charges the battery while the vehicle is on. When it fails, the battery can no longer receive the charge it needs.
Occasionally, you will notice warning signs that the alternator is dying. Look for dimmer headlights or trouble cranking the engine. Additionally, if the serpentine belt starts to slip or is worn, it won’t be able to power the alternator, thereby leaving you with a dead battery.
Many people figure out that the alternator is bad after replacing a battery and having the same issues.
The starter is the part that starts the car engine. It’s a simple electric motor that connects to the battery and sends signals to the engine to start when you turn the ignition switch.
Once the engine cranks over, the starter has no more responsibility. However, when it fails, the engine cannot start. It might crank over slightly or not at all. Typically, this issue corresponds with a clicking sound that is indicative of a failed starter.
If your car battery is fine and the car engine is still not cranking, you should defiently check the starter.
RELATED: 5 Symptoms of a Bad Starter Motor
Failed Ignition Switch
If the battery has a charge, the starter is fine, but you still can’t get the engine to turn over, it could be a faulty ignition switch causing your trouble. However, this cause also comes with several other tell-tale signs.
Look for flickering dashboard lights and a lack of noise coming from the engine when you try to start it. Additionally, you might not be able to turn the key at all, indicating that the ignition switch failed.
RELATED: 6 Symptoms of a Bad Ignition Switch
Defective Spark Plugs
Modern vehicles can go a long time without needing new spark plugs. However, once the car hits about 100,000 miles, it’s often wise to replace them.
Failed spark plugs can create a long list of performance issues, such as misfiring, rough idling, trouble accelerating, poor fuel efficiency and an illuminated Check Engine Light. However, defective plugs or wires can also stop the car from starting.
RELATED: 6 Symptoms of Bad Spark Plugs
Out of Gas
Your vehicle needs fuel to run, so if the tank has been emptied, there’s no way you are getting the motor started. Most times, running out of fuel will occur while you are driving, leaving you with trouble restarting the engine.
Today’s vehicles have accurate fuel gauges that show you exactly how much gas you have left in the tank, so there’s no reason to run out. Plus, you shouldn’t run your vehicle with less than a ¼ of a tank of fuel, or the pump could go bad.
Clogged Fuel Filter
The fuel filter is a necessary part of the fuel delivery system. It traps debris and contaminants that would otherwise cause damage to the injectors and engine.
However, as time goes on, the fuel filter can become clogged. When this happens, the flow of fuel is hindered, leaving the engine without the necessary component needed for combustion.
Changing the fuel filter is considered a maintenance task that should never be overlooked. Check the owner’s manual to find out how often you should replace the fuel filter.
Malfunctioning Fuel Pump
The fuel pump is responsible for delivering the gasoline from the tank to the engine. If the gas can’t get to the engine, there cannot be a combustion process.
The fuel pump must supply the right amount of fuel at a precise pressure to accommodate the performance and speed. Immediately upon starting the car, the fuel pump goes to work, sending gas. However, when the pump fails, the fuel cannot get to the engine, and your vehicle will cease to run.
As the fuel pump starts to go bad, you might notice a rough idle, hesitation and other performance issues.
RELATED: 8 Symptoms of a Bad Fuel Pump
Technology has come a long way and our newer cars are filled with the latest gadgets. However, these conveniences can also lead to issues. Equipment such as starting modules and remote keyless entry can fail.
Take the new Start buttons as an example. This advanced design is slowly replacing the ignition key as a means of starting. The Start button gets a code from a proximity key, but it could fail. If the battery in the key fob had gone bad, this could also lead to starting issues.
One thing is sure; if you pay attention to the symptoms your vehicle is showing, you should be able to figure out the reasons why your car won’t start.
Hi, I’m Magnus, the owner and the writer of Mechanic Base. I have been working with cars for 10 years, specialized in diagnostics and troubleshooting. I created this blog because I was tired of finding false information on the web while looking for repair information. I hope you enjoy my content!