You know how to deal with a dead car battery. A simple jump start should get it running again, but what happens when it doesn’t? When the car won’t start with a jump, you are facing bigger issues than you first imagined.
In this guide, we evaluate the top causes of a battery that won’t jump. We also show you how to fix each of the issues.
6 Reasons Why Car Won’t Start with Jump
If your car won’t start with jump, it’s possible there’s an issue with the connection or bad jumper cables. A completely dead or malfunctioning car battery could also cause it, or it could occur with a defective starter or a malfunctioning neutral safety switch.
Here is a more detailed list of the different causes why your car won’t start with jump.
1. Bad Connection
If the battery is in good condition, there could be a problem with the connection of the jumper cables or battery terminals. Look at the terminals and connectors to see if there is any corrosion.
Thankfully, this problem is easy to fix. You can use baking soda and water to scrub away the corrosion. Reconnect the battery and jumper cables and ensure everything is secure before trying to jump it again.
2. Bad Jumper Cables
Don’t overlook the obvious and assume that you’re dealing with a more serious issue! If you have a set of cheap or thin jumper cables, it’s possible that they are simply failing you. You should also try to leave the battery cables connected for about 5 minutes before making a start-up attempt, to allow the battery to charge the bad battery.
Even if you have a good set, the cables can break over time, especially if you don’t take care of them. Try another set of cables or use a portable jump starter instead. If you bought very thin jumper cables, it could also be an issue if you try to jump a larger engine.
3. Dead Car Battery
Most commonly, the issues stem from a completely dead battery with a defective battery cell or a short circuit, which could cause an electrical malfunction. The jump start isn’t going to work when the battery can’t be rejuvenated.
Smaller jumper cables won’t be able to supply the power themselves without charging the bad battery with the good battery for a while, so if the battery can’t receive the power, it won’t be enough.
You probably noticed symptoms associated with a dying battery, such as the headlights becoming dimmer or the start time getting longer. Your local auto parts store or repair shop will bench test the battery to determine if it’s beyond jumping.
4. Malfunctioning Starter
When the key gets put in the ignition, it’s the starter that activates the engine. Power transfers from the battery to the starter, so it starts to crank.
However, when the starter begins failing, you won’t be able to crank the engine, even if you try jump-starting the battery. Most likely, you will hear a clicking sound that indicates the starter has failed.
5. Bad Neutral Safety Switch
The neutral safety switch on automatic transmissions keeps your vehicle from starting if the car isn’t in Park or Neutral. However, when the neutral safety switch fails, your car might get a false reading, causing the engine to face a no-start situation.
You can try shifting into Neutral to see if it starts with that adjustment. Otherwise, it can be difficult to determine if the neutral safety switch has failed.
6. Defective Alternator
Even if a faulty alternator does not cause this problem immediately, it may cause your car to shut down shortly after you remove the jumper cables. The battery doesn’t work alone. The alternator is responsible for keeping it charged and it runs the vehicle’s electrical system of your car when the engine is going.
If the alternator fails, the battery won’t get recharged. It doesn’t matter how much you jump it, the battery will die again as soon as the juice drains. Symptoms of a bad alternator are similar to a dead battery; so many people get these confused with one another. However, you can have the alternator tested at your local auto parts store.
Troubleshoot a Car That Won’t Jump Start
1. Allow the Battery to Recharge
Before you try starting the car again, allow the jump starter cables to sit for a few minutes. With the good car running, the dead battery is receiving a small charge.
When the battery gets very weak, it can be hard to get it started again. The cables alone won’t provide the electrical power needed, but a few minutes should do the trick.
2. Check Jumper Cables/Connections
If the battery doesn’t seem to be getting a charge, check on the jumper cables. If the rubber coating of the cables is warm, there could be increased resistance that keeps the current from flowing. You should try using a different set of jumper cables or resort to a box.
You also want to take a closer look at the battery terminals. If there are green or chalky white substances on the battery, you are looking at corrosion. This corrosion can keep your battery from getting the charge it needs. Take off the jumper cables and clean away the corrosion. Once the posts and connectors are clean, you can try jump-starting it again.
3. Perform Systems Checks
If nothing else has worked, it’s time to start looking at the major systems to see where the fault could be. There aren’t a lot of major systems that could be causing a no crank situation. Even though many people claim that a clogged filter or a spark plug issue will cause you to think the battery is dead, this isn’t true. In both situations, the engine will still crank, but not start.
You might start by shifting into Neutral to see if you can get the car started now. If so, this indicates that the Neutral Safety Switch has failed. Test or install a new battery to ensure it’s healthy before doing anything else. Otherwise, you want to have the possibly faulty starter bench tested to see if that’s causing your problems.
4. Seek Help from a Professional
When all else fails, you will need to seek help from a mechanic. The diagnostics that need to be performed might be more than you are capable of doing on your own. Have the vehicle towed to a reputable location and hope for the best.
How To Jump Start a Car
There’s always the possibility that you aren’t jump starting the car the appropriate way. It’s always good to have a quick refresher on the proper steps, so you can assure the battery has the connection it requires. Here are a few simple steps to follow:
- Park the two cars close together, with the hoods facing one another.
- Pop open the hoods.
- Attach one of the red clamps of the jumper cables to the positive terminal on the dead car battery.
- Attach the other red clamp of the jumper cables to the positive terminal of the healthy battery.
- Attach the black clamp to the negative terminal of the working car battery.
- Attach the other black clamp to an unpainted metal found on the dead car. If you attach it to the negative terminal, there could be sparks.
- Try to start the dead car. If it doesn’t start immediately, you can wait a few minutes for the battery to charge.
- When you remove the cables, do so in the opposite order that you put them on.
Once the car is running, it’s best to keep it going for at least 15 minutes. The longer it runs, the more charge the battery gets from the alternator. If you can, take the car out on the highway for a little test run – higher speeds also help to get the battery charged. Whatever you do, don’t turn the car off right after jumping it, or you might run into the same trouble.
Can a battery be so dead it won’t jump-start?
Yes. The battery can be so drained that it takes a while for the electricity from the fresh battery to charge the dead battery. This is even more true if you have thin jumper cables, because then the discharged battery will take a while to receive the power.
Does revving the engine help jump-start?
Yes. When revving the engine, the alternator on the other car makes more power, which in turn sends more power to the dead car’s battery. However, this only happens if the other car’s alternator is in good condition.
Will a car jump-start if the alternator is gone?
Yes. The alternator has nothing to do with the jump start itself and you can actually start a car without an alternator. The car will run on the electricity from the battery, but if the alternator has failed and can no longer charge your battery, your car will eventually die again when the battery runs out of charge.
How do you tell if it’s a dead battery or an alternator?
If you can jump start the car and it runs fine, but it dies a while after you remove the jumper cable, that’s a strong sign that the alternator is not charging and is bad. If the car battery doesn’t hold power after you charge it, you know the battery is bad.
The first thing you want to check when your car won’t start with jump is the jumper cables and the connections to it. You’ll also want to make sure you’re using the correct size jumper cables, as cables that are too thin can result in problems.
Always follow a manual when jump-starting a car, because if you connect the cables wrong, it can have severe consequences for the car, and you can damage very expensive electronic components in your car. If you are not sure what you are doing, contact a professional as soon as possible!