You were about to fill coolant in your car when you realized that there is a lot of oil in the coolant reservoir?
You have probably heard before that oil in the coolant reservoir is a very bad sign, but is it actually true?
In this article, we will go through everything you have to know about oil in the coolant reservoir – the common causes of it and how you can diagnose and prevent it.
Causes of Oil In The Coolant Reservoir
- Damaged head gasket
- Faulty Oil/Coolant Heat Exchanger
- Cracks in the cylinder head
- Cracks in the engine block
- Faulty Transmission Fluid Cooler
- Someone filled oil there by mistake
These are the few things that can cause your car to have oil in the coolant reservoir.
Here is a more detailed list of why you may have oil in the coolant reservoir:
Damaged Head Gasket
Unfortunately, the most common problem causing oil in your coolant reservoir is a bad or leaking head gasket. Why I say unfortunately; is because it is often a quite big job to replace it and often very costly.
There’s a rubber seal snuck right between the head and the engine block in your engine called the head gasket. Its sole purpose is to provide an airtight seal as the head is fitted onto the block, meaning they are two different parts.
The gasket ensures that the combustion’s air pressure doesn’t light-up, and the oil that’s in the engine doesn’t leak out. If an engine overheats and stays heated up for prolonged periods without cooling, the head gasket blows up, causing the oil to leak into the coolant system. This is why some oil may be getting into the coolant reservoir.
Because of the expense of replacing the head gasket, I do recommend checking out the other parts first and make a proper diagnosis before replacement.
Faulty Oil/Coolant Heat Exchanger
On a lot of modern cars, there is an oil cooler installed on your car, which is cooled by the coolant. Sometimes a gasket or a crack could occur inside the oil heat exchanger and it will cause the oil and coolant to mix up.
This part is often much easier to replace and cheaper than a head gasket. It’s also a very common problem, so I recommend checking the oil heat exchanger if you have one fitted to your vehicle.
This often causes the coolant to pour into the oil pan instead of oil in the coolant system.
Cracks in the cylinder head
Overheating damage the cylinders over time, cracking them at certain places, allowing air and oil to leak out. The cylinder head can also be warped after an overheated engine, which will cause the head gasket to leak.
Fix cracks in the cylinder head is often very difficult and, in a few cases, even impossible. It often requires welding, which can be difficult in some places.
It is often easier and cheaper to replace the cylinder head with another used one. Although this occurrence is comparatively uncommon, it can let the oil in the coolant reservoir as you drive.
However, you should always check the other things before and really make sure that the cylinder head is causing it.
Cracks in the engine block
If you find cracks in your car’s engine block itself, unfortunately, you will probably need a new engine block as it is often very difficult to weld it.
This is when the engine usually lacks the proper oiling and cooling, and due to the extreme and prolonged heat build-up, the engine block eventually cracks at points, allowing the residue oil in the coolant reservoir and other places.
Fixing this would be the most expensive option as one would need to replace the whole engine, as rebuilding the old one may be too expensive.
Proper diagnosing should be made before replacing the engine block of course.
Faulty Transmission Fluid Cooler
Are you really sure that it is actually engine oil that is in the cooling system? Actually, the transmission also has a heat exchanger that is cooling the transmission fluid with the coolant.
Usually, it happens the other way around because it is often pretty low pressure in the transmission cooler, and you will get coolant in the transmission fluid, but it could absolutely happen!
This is not very common, though, and most cars do not even have this cooler. Most automatic transmissions have a transmission fluid cooled by the airflow in the front of the car.
Someone filled oil there by mistake
Did you recently bought the car or let some doubtful mechanic do any work with your vehicle before? Then maybe someone filled something else than coolant in the cooling system before.
It may be sound really ridiculous, but I can tell you that it happens more often than you may think.
If you made any diagnose and really cant find any leak in the oil or cooling system; then this solution is maybe just this easy.
What to do if you have Oil in the Coolant Reservoir?
The first thing you should do if you notice oil in the coolant reservoir is to pressure test the system.
If you pressure-tested the system and everything seems fine, you might want to remove the coolant from the reservoir and keep driving the car to monitor if any new oil appears in the reservoir.
To determine if there is a leak in the oil or cooling system is often quite easy. The tricky part is where the leak is coming from.
There is an easy way to test out if there is a leak in the oil or coolant system.
The easiest way is to put pressure on the coolant system and see if it’s pouring out into the oil pan. To do this, you need a coolant pressure tool for the coolant system with the right adapter for your coolant expansion tank.
They are quite expensive, so you might want to let a workshop do this for you, or borrow one. You can find one here at Amazon if you want one.
- Pressure tester adapter made to test...
- Pressurizes up to 30 PSI system/cap.
- Adapters sold separately.
- Comes with carrying case, an "A" size...
- Remove Coolant Reservoir or Radiator Cap
- Put 22 psi or 1.5 bar pressure with the pressure tool.
- Let it stand for 10 minutes. If it loses pressure during that time, you leak into your coolant system; it can both be an internal or external leak.
- Check for any external coolant leaks under your vehicle.
- If you can’t find any external leaks but are still losing pressure – check for any coolant in the oil either by looking at the dipstick or tap out the engine oil to see if you get any coolant in the engine oil.
- Remove the oil heat exchanger if you have one on your car model and inspect the gaskets and search for cracks. Replace it if it looks old and dry.
- Remove the head gasket and check for any damage. If you can’t find any damage or signs of oil mixing between the oil and coolant channels, take expert help to check for cracks in the head or the engine block.
Can I seal it with a Coolant Leak Repair Additive?
As you may know by now, when the oil and coolant are mixing, it can cause a lot of further engine problems that may destroy your whole engine.
Because of this, I do strongly recommend always repair the problem properly instead of trying any additive.
Repairing the problems causing the oil in the coolant reservoir can often be super-expensive, though, so if you have an ancient car that is just going to drive for a little bit more – it can be worth a chance. It’s up to you if you want to risk the whole engine!
If you absolutely want to try an additive, I can recommend this one from Amazon:
- Permanent coolant leak repair - Just...
- Mixes with all antifreeze
- No draining or flushing
- Fixes cracks and leaks in radiator, head...
Remember that these sealers can cause other important parts in the cooling system to clog also!
Why is the mixing of these liquids harmful for the engine?
Coolant and engine oil are two completely different liquids and serve a different purpose which is why the two should never be mixed together.
The reason behind it relies on both the liquids’ chemical properties. Oil is a thick viscous substance, while coolant is water-like. The engine relies completely on oil for lubrication, which coolants and water cannot offer. That should make it clear that oil and coolant cannot go together.