Pistons rings are something that most people have heard about before but really never seen.
This is mostly because these rings are integrated deeply into all the parts of a car engine.
But what happens if one of these piston rings is going bad? Let’s find out!
4 Symptoms of a Bad Piston Ring
- A large amount of engine oil disappears
- Oil leaks
- Weak Acceleration
- Blue Smoke Emitting from Exhaust
Because of the piston rings’ vital role, there are some major symptoms you should look out for.
Here is a more detailed list of the 4 most common symptoms of bad piston rings.
A Large Amount of Oil Disappears
When the piston rings fail, they cannot keep the oil from leaking into the cylinder; as soon as the oil leaks through, it will get mixed up in the combustion process.
Slowly and gradually, all your engine oil will leak into the cylinder, and you will witness a drop in your car’s engine oil level. You would need to get an oil refill more frequently.
If you were changing the oil every 5000 miles, you might feel your car needs oil by 3000 miles. If you witness such a phenomenon, you should not waste any time and book an appointment with your auto mechanic. A professional will diagnose the engine’s valve seals and piston rings and advise to replace them if needed
When the piston rings are bad, you will get a high pressure inside of the crankcase. This makes the sealings of the engine to fail and starts leaking oil. If you see many different oil leaks, you should absolutely check the pressure in the crankcase.
You can do this by letting the engine stand on idle and carefully open the oil cap. There should be no pressure at all, but a small vacuum. If the oil cap flies away together with a lot of smoke that pours out – you may have bad piston rings.
When the piston rings get damaged, the engine’s combustion chamber loses pressure. This causes the engine to lose power since the piston cannot completely compress the fuel and air mixture. As a result, the engine creates less power in each cycle.
You could be slamming the throttle to its limit and still not be feeling your vehicle speed up as it used to before. Loss of acceleration may mean you would have to get your piston rings replaced.
Once you replace the old ones with the new ones, you will get higher compression, and you will feel an immediate change in your vehicle’s power.
Blue Smoke Emitting from Exhaust
Not only will weared out piston rings cause a loss in performance, but they will also cause your car’s exhaust to emit blue smoke. When the oil gets mixed up with the fuel & air mixture and burns, a thick blue cloud of smoke comes out of the exhaust. This is usually the first symptom you will notice since it is almost immediate.
You should consult a mechanic at the earliest if such a problem presents itself. The longer you ignore the problem, the more advanced it will become. Ultimately, other engine parts will get damaged, leading to a higher repair cost.
Piston Rings Function
The piston rings help keep the combustion chamber known as the area inside each cylinder – pressurized, which makes it easy for combustion to happen.
The piston rings are the seal between the piston and the cylinder walls to keep the combustion chamber’s pressure and oil in the crankcase. If they deteriorate or fail, your car’s engine will start losing power, and literally, hundreds of other problems may arise if they are not dealt with quickly.
Piston Rings Location
The piston rings are located inside of the engine block, inside the cylinder wrapped around the pistons.
Therefore they are impossible to see without taking the whole engine apart, so to diagnose these, you have to check them with a leak-down-tester or a compression tester.
Piston Rings Replacement Cost
Piston ring replacement cost is between $1000 and $5000, depending on the car model and labor costs. The piston rings cost $40 to $200 depending on how many cylinders your car has. The labor work is between $1000 and $4000.
Piston rings are small, but they are expensive to replace. It basically depends on your car’s make and model, but on average, you could expect to pay from $40 to $200 just for the piston rings. That doesn’t sound much but wait until you add the labor cost to the total.
Since the piston rings are located deep in an engine, the mechanic has to disassemble the engine and reach in to remove the old piston rings and replace them with new ones. This whole process takes time and requires precision.
Once the new piston rings have been put in place, the engine has to be reassembled and fitted back in its position. It would take your mechanic 16 hours or more for the complete job. A certified mechanic will probably do it faster and more likely in the correct way.
To install the piston rings correctly – you have to measure the ring cap and fit them in the right order. You also have to check and measure the cylinder walls for wear before installing the new piston rings.
You can expect a labor cost between $1000-4000 for a correct piston ring replacement, depending on the engine.
If you know how to replace them yourself, you can do it pretty cheap, though. But be prepared for a big job which you need a lot of knowledge for.
Additionally, you may need to replace other parts while taking the engine apart, and you may even have to redo the engine block.