Your car’s braking system is made up of many components working together in harmony to stop the vehicle when you press on the pedal. If one part fails, the entire system is compromised. This couldn’t be more evident than when you experience a bad vacuum brake booster.
We look at the top symptoms of a bad vacuum brake booster and discuss its function. We also evaluate the replacement cost of a vacuum brake booster and determine if it’s safe to drive when this part fails. Let’s begin with a quick look at the signs first:
The most common symptom of a bad brake booster is a stiff brake pedal together with increased stopping distance. You can sometimes also hear a hissing noise coming from the engine at idle. A warning light on the dashboard could also show up.
Here is a more detailed list of the most common symptoms of a bad brake booster:
Bad Vacuum Brake Booster Symptoms
1. Hard Brake Pedal
When you attempt to brake your car, you shouldn’t have to exert a lot of pressure. This is true except for when the vacuum brake booster goes bad.
When this vital component fails, you will lose your braking assist. To get the vehicle to stop, you will have to put a lot of pressure on the brake pedal.
2. Increased Stopping Distance
Most drivers have a good feel for how long it takes to stop the vehicle. If this time appears to be getting longer, something might be wrong.
When braking assist functionality is lost, you need to put forth a lot more power to stop the car. This increased stopping distance might happen all of a sudden or subtlety, depending on how quickly the part fails.
3. Hissing Noise
Brakes can make a variety of noises, from squealing to grinding, none of which are good. However, the distinct hissing sound belongs to a bad vacuum brake booster.
When the vacuum-operated brake booster begins to leak, air escapes from the diaphragm or housing. This rush of air leads to a hissing sound that is most prominent when applying the brakes.
4. Dashboard Warning Lights
Your modern vehicle is set up with a multitude of sensors, alerting you when a problem occurs. The anti-lock braking system is no different.
If you get an ABS warning on your dashboard, it could be a sign that something is wrong with the vacuum brake booster. Not only will your braking ability be affected, but you might also have issues with the traction and stability control systems, which have their own warning lights.
Vacuum Brake Booster Function
The brake booster aids the driver when braking a vehicle. It drastically reduces the effort required by applying force to the master cylinder. The master cylinder is responsible for distributing fluid to the brakes for proper operation.
There are three brake booster designs, with the vacuum-operated being the most popular. However, some vehicles include the hydro-boost or an electronic assembly model instead.
In the vacuum brake booster, the internal diaphragm separates the two different sides. These compartments are referred to as the working chamber and vacuum chamber. As the brakes get released, you will find an equal amount of vacuum on both sides. However, when you apply the brake pedal, a control valve permits more pressure into the working chamber. The result of this operation is the activation of a pushrod that applies force to the master cylinder, thereby allowing brake assist to aid the driver’s efforts.
Vacuum Brake Booster Location
The vacuum brake booster is located between the firewall and the brake master cylinder. To replace the booster, you will need to remove the master cylinder as well. That’s why many people choose to replace both parts at the same time.
The brake booster check valve can be found directly on the brake booster. If it isn’t there, it might be on the vacuum hose. However, some of these check valves are built directly into the vacuum hose and, therefore, not serviceable. If the check valve has gone bad, you might need to replace the vacuum hose assembly.
Vacuum Brake Booster Replacement Cost
The average vacuum brake booster replacement cost is between $300 and $700, depending on the car model and labor costs. Labor will run between $100 and $200, while the parts are typically more than $150.
However, there are several factors that affect how much you will pay, including what kind of vehicle you drive, how difficult it is to get to the brake booster and what other parts need to be replaced.
Most vacuum brake boosters will last 150,000 miles or more, rarely going bad. However, vehicles that operate in dry climates might face more dry rot, which can lead to premature deterioration of the vacuum brake booster diaphragm and cause failure.
If the vacuum brake booster fails, you should not continue driving your vehicle. In fact, you should never drive with any indication that something is wrong with your braking system. If your brakes are harder to operate and you are having difficulty stopping your vehicle, it’s time to have the system inspected by a qualified mechanic.