Mostly all the modern vehicles on the road now have an EGR system (Exhaust Gas Recirculation).
The EGR makes use of an EGR valve which often wears out due to lack of maintenance and results in poor performance. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms you might notice if the EGR valve is damaged and how to take care of the situation.
EGR valves are a partly known for failing often and they can result in an expensive replacement cost. The EGR valves have to withstand a lot of wear and tear because of the hot air and the amount of carbon that gets built up inside them.
But is it cheap or expensive to replace it? Can I replace it at home? In this article, I will answer these questions for you.
Signs of a Bad EGR Valve
Since the EGR deals with exhaust gasses such as carbon dioxide and NOx, it has a good chance of getting damaged or clogged over the years. This, in turn, reduces the car’s performance and increases pollution as well. When there is a problem with the EGR valve, the check engine light or EPC(VW) light may appear on your dashboard.
The two main issues EGR valves face are that, either the valve stays open or it shuts completely.
Here are some common symptoms you will notice if you have a bad EGR valve.
1. Poor/Rough Idling
This happens when the engine is at a low RPM and the EGR valve remains open, allowing additional gasses, and ultimately resulting in the performance drop of the engine.
2. Black Smoke from Exhaust
If the EGR valve stays open at all times and the exhaust fumes are being fed to the engine constantly, the engine gets deprived of oxygen. With too much fuel burning and less oxygen, a black smoke gets produced and escapes from the exhaust pipe, especially when the car is idle.
3. Check Engine Light Illuminates
If the car’s onboard computer detects any problem with the vehicle’s EGR valve circuit, it will activate the check engine light. Please note that the check engine light can also be activated due to numerous other reasons. You can read the computer at home with an OBD2 code scanner
4. Drop in Fuel Economy
With an incorrect fuel/air supply, the engine will not function properly and this will result in a drop in fuel economy.
5. Engine Stalling
If you notice that the engine is stalling at higher revs, it is possibly due to a bad EGR valve. This can also result in the engine getting choked.
6. Turbocharger Can Fail
If the EGR valve & cooler remain closed and the exhaust gasses are not cooled down, the engine’s temperature will rise significantly. As the engine overheats, it breaks down the motor oil which is heading towards the turbocharger, causing the turbocharger to fail.
7. Engine Disintegrates
If the engine overheats too much, it will consume all the lubrication and will even start using its own engine oil instead of the diesel fuel. This will cause the engine to disintegrate.
What Is an EGR Valve?
Exhaust gas recirculation sounds like a self-explanatory term but its application is a little complicated yet sophisticated. The EGR system recirculates the exhaust gasses back into the inlet manifold and uses them for combustion.
This process not only reduces the harmful emissions of NOx but also helps the car to stay within the legal pollution limit. As the exhaust gas is recirculated, the combustion temperature reduces, preventing the production of NOx. There are some disadvantages of EGR as well such as loss in fuel economy, low performance and, in diesel-engine cars, the production of soot increases.
However, modern engines use clever technologies for an efficient process, for example, new diesel engines now use EGR cooler which cools down the exhaust gasses by passing the coolant.
Where Is My EGR Valve Located?
If you want to find where your EGR is located in your engine bay, check around the intake manifold and you have a good chance of finding it. It’s usually located with a pipe from the intake to the exhaust manifold.
Due to the heat, the screws can be hard to remove after a while and there is a high chance that you will destroy the bolts when you are trying to remove them. Always spray a bit of 5-56 or WD40 on the screws before trying to remove them.
Repairing/Cleaning of a Broken EGR Valve
Repairing an EGR valve can work sometimes, but in most cases, it will be cheaper to buy a new one. The older vacuum controlled EGR valves are easier to repair because the function is much simpler. If you have a vacuum controlled EGR valve, you can often replace the membrane inside it and clean it up to function as a new EGR valve.
Newer EGR valves contain a lot of electric parts and can be really difficult to repair if you are not an expert. It can also be impossible to find replacement parts for inside the EGR. It’s most likely that you will have to buy a new one. There are also cars with an electric EGR motor, but spring loaded valve. These can often get stuck and it can help to clean and lubricate the shaft to get them loose.
If you considering cleaning your EGR valve, scrape away the carbon with a knife and clean it up several times with brake cleaner. After this, you can lubricate it with 5-56 or WD40 to make sure all parts are moving as they should.
If you want to replace the EGR valve yourself, you should remember that if you have an electronic EGR valve, you have to use an OBD2 scanner to remove the trouble codes after the replacement and set a basic setting to the new EGR valve. If you are not relearning the parameters of the new EGR valve, you may end up with the same trouble code again, and you will then have to take it to the mechanic anyway.
Now that you have concluded that the EGR valve is faulty, it is time to repair it. You can either take it to the official dealership or try these methods to save some money.
Mostly, the EGR valve gets dirty and clogged as it recirculates the gasses continuously. Follow these steps to clean the valve and remove blockages and idetify if it functions properly.
- Disconnect the battery
- Disconnect sensors and clips
- Loosen the bolts holding the EGR valve
- Clean the valves and hoses with an EGR or carburetor cleaner. You can find one on Amazon here: Genuine EGR System Cleaner – 1 Liter
- Connect the battery again
Make sure to not spray the cleaner on any other electrical components. Instead, buy an electrical cleaner which will help you clean those certain components. For newbies, we recommend that you take your car to an auto-specialist who can diagnose the problem effectively and provide you with a solution.
On average, the EGR valve replacement should cost somewhere between $200 to $900. The component itself costs around $70 to $490. It’s often the repair time that is expensive.
Diagnosing a Bad EGR Valve
The diagnostic procedure depends a lot on if you have a vacuum controlled or electronic controlled EGR valve. Follow these steps before you replace your EGR valve. These steps down below are pretty advanced and you may have some knowledge about cars from before.
Vacuum controlled EGR
- Check the vacuum hose between the intake and the EGR.
- Use a vacuum pump to open the EGR valve and see if it’s holding the pressure.
- If it’s not holding pressure, replace the membrane if possible or replace the whole EGR unit.
- Remove the EGR valve and check if it’s opening when you are using the vacuum pump.
- If the EGR valve is working properly, check the solenoid that is controlling the EGR valve, and check if you have power and ground to it.
Electronic controlled EGR
- Remove the EGR valve unit if necessary to see the valve opening and closing
- Connect a car battery charger while you are doing the diagnostic procedure, to make sure the voltage in the car is good while doing it.
- Open and close the EGR valve with an OBD2 scanner several times to check the function.
- Do a basic setting/reset and relearn saved parameters with the scanner.
- Check for any possible wiring issues to the EGR/measure with an electric wiring diagram.
- Open up the EGR valve and check for any corrosion/water infiltration inside the EGR valve or inside the connector and clean it up with electric cleaner if you find any corrosion.
- Reinstall the EGR valve and try again; if still faulty, replace the EGR valve.
EGR Valve on a Diesel Engine
The EGR valve on a diesel engine usually gets a lot more dirt in it, and it has to be replaced and cleaned more often. The carbon build up can also destroy the EGR valve and you have to replace it more often. A lot of people, reprogram the EGR valve to not function to reduce the amount of carbon build up in the engine. Remember that this is against the law and bad for the enviroment.
EGR Valve Replacement Cost
The average replacement cost of an EGR valve is between $200-450, depending on what car model you have. Labour costs are most often between $50-150 and the part cost is between $50-400.
Older cars have a vacuum controlled EGR valve, and these are often much cheaper than the new electronic valves. A lot of the newer cars also have an EGR cooler integrated with the EGR valve, and in many cases, you can’t replace just the electronic EGR unit, you have to replace both the cooler and the EGR valve (Volkswagen for example). If you have an old vacuum controlled EGR valve, you can expect around a $100 lower price than the electronic EGR valve. The vacuum controlled EGR valves on older engines are often easier to replace also, which also results in a cheaper labour cost.
|Car Model||Labour Cost||Part Cost||Total|
|VW Passat 2005 TDI||90$||120$||210$|
|BMW E46 318 TDI||50$||180$||230$|
|Nissan Navara D40 2.5||60$||600$||660$|
|Ford C-max 2007 2.0||90$||210$||300$|
|Others||Check Price||100-600$||Check Price|
Have you replaced your EGR valve yourself? How difficult was it? Was it worth replacing it yourself? Comment below and let us know your thoughts about this!