Having high oil pressure is one of the things which makes a modern engine’s life so much longer than car engines before in time.
The oil pressure light is used to show up on your dashboard if the oil pressure in your car is too low or too high.
Very low oil pressure or no oil pressure at all can actually wreck your engine within just a few seconds, and it is, therefore, important to take this light very seriously and not ignoring it.
But what can cause the oil pressure light to come on and is it really just low oil pressure that cause it to show up? Let’s find out!
What are the causes of an Oil Pressure Light?
- Low Engine Oil Level
- Faulty Oil Pressure Sensor
- Faulty Oil Pressure Sensor Wirings
- Faulty Oil pump
- Clogged Oil Pickup Tube
- Clogged Oil filter
- Faulty Instrument Cluster
- Internal Oil Leak
- Clogged Oil Passages
- Wear of engine parts
There are actually two scenarios when the oil pressure light is on your dashboard. One of them is that it is a false alarm and there is a problem with the oil pressure sensor or the wirings to it.
The other scenario is that your engine actually has low oil pressure, which is a little bit more serious. Therefore, we recommend starting checking the oil pressure with a manual oil pressure guide to know where to start your troubleshooting. Here is a video of how to check the oil pressure.
Here is a more detailed list of the most common causes of an oil pressure light on your dashboard:
Low Engine Oil Level
To create an oil pressure in the engine, the engine needs to pressurize oil. If there is no oil to pressurize, it will be impossible for the oil pump to properly do its job.
If your oil pressure light comes on and sometimes disappears, especially when you turn the car, a low engine oil level may cause it. You may also notice a yellow oil can symbol on your dashboard.
Checking the engine oil level is pretty straightforward. Just check your car’s service manual, and you will find instructions there on how to do it properly.
However, as a car owner, it is your responsibility to check the oil level regularly. This is such a vital part, and you may destroy your engine if you drive without checking these things.
Faulty Oil Pressure Sensor
The oil pressure is actually the sensor that monitors the engine’s oil pressure, and its only job is to switch on or off the oil pressure light. These sensors are often made of plastic, and it happens that these sensors fail.
If you locate it on the engine block and you see a lot of engine oil around it – it may be a sign that there is a crack in the sensor, which may cause it to fail reading the oil pressure properly.
You can measure these sensors’ resistance with a multimeter to determine if it is functional or not. You need to find the right values for the specific sensor, though. Here is a video of how you can check it: How to test an oil pressure sensor
Faulty Oil Pressure Sensor Wirings
For the sensor to function, it needs one or two wires going between the instrument cluster and the oil pressure sensor.
The engine compartment becomes hot while you are driving, and there are constant vibrations. This can cause wirings to get a bad connection or actually fail and break off completely.
When the instrument cluster can’t feel the signal from the oil pressure sensor because of a broken wire or bad connection – it will light up the oil pressure light.
Check the connector at the oil pressure sensor for any corrosion signs and make sure that the wires look good.
Next step is to measure the wirings. This is nothing we will go into how to do here in this article. Basically, you need a wiring diagram and some basic car electrical skills.
It is not very common for the wires to become bad, so it is recommended to check these other things in this article first.
Faulty Oil Pump
The Oil Pump is the pump that is pressurizing the oil inside of the engine. A chain often drives it from the crankshaft, but it can also be built directly around the crankshaft.
It sometimes happens that this oil pump fails, which can cause a low oil pressure – which will cause the oil pressure light to show up.
The oil pump also has an overpressure valve inside of it, which can fail, and this will cause the oil pressure to drop.
However, to replace this valve, you often need to disassemble the whole engine, so you anyways want to replace the whole oil pump instead of just the valve.
Clogged Oil Pickup Tube
For the oil pump to reach the oil all the way from the bottom of the oil pan, it must have a tube. Unfortunately, dirt is also collected on the bottom of the oil pan.
This tube contains a “net” to prevent dirt and other parts from getting sucked into the oil pump. If your car is old, and especially if the car’s oil maintenance has been bad, this pickup tube can get clogged by dirt and other oil sludge.
When this tube gets clogged, it will cause the oil pump not to suck oil anymore, resulting in low oil pressure.
To fix this issue, you need to remove the oil pan and clean or replace the oil pump pickup tube.
Clogged Oil filter
Inside a car engine, there are often many metal chips, carbon deposits, and other debris. The oil filter plays an important role in filtering all these contaminants and preventing them from entering the engine.
During regular maintenance of the engine, the mechanic replaces the oil filter, and if you follow the schedule of oil changes for your car engine, there is no risk of getting a clogged oil filter.
However, if you haven’t taken care of your car’s service maintenance properly, you may actually get a clogged oil filter caused by oil sludge. This will cause your oil pressure to drop and causing an oil pressure light on your dashboard.
Faulty Instrument Cluster
Another scenario is that there is maybe no problem with the sensor or low oil pressure. It may actually just be a problem with the instrument cluster.
Inside of the instrument cluster, there are many solderings, and it happens on some car models that cracks appear of these solderings, which will cause the connection to get worse, and finally, it will light up the oil pressure light.
To find these solderings, you need to help a professional who knows how to disassemble the cluster and check for cracks.
To replace the cluster, you often need to reprogram it to the vehicle with a diagnostic tool because the immobilizer is often integrated into it. This can often only be done by an authorized dealer.
Internal Oil Leak
Internal oil leaks mean that the oil is leaking inside the engine, and you cannot see it without disassembling the engine. This is a fairly rare scenario and should only be considered as the last way out.
Internal oil leaks are also very difficult to find, and you need to disassembly the engine to look for cracks or other signs of leaks.
Clogged oil passages
Most of the engine oil is stored in the oil pan. The oil pump pressurizes the oil to circulate to the engine and the subsequent moving parts.
As soon as the oil leaves the pump, it is filtered through the oil filter. This removes most of the impurities. The oil then flows through the crankshaft and the head of the car engine.
However, if any of these oil passages are clogged, it may cause the oil not to reach the oil pressure sensor, and it will cause the oil pressure to become low.
Neither is this a very common problem, and everything else should be considered first before you look into it.
Wear of engine parts
Oil is needed to keep the crankshaft, cam bearings, and other moving parts working at their best.
When these components wear out like bad bearings, oil begins to leak through the openings and big play created. This oil contributes to reducing oil pressure.
If you have notices a slowly decreasing oil pressure in your engine over time it can defiently be a sign of wear inside of your engine.