Sometimes, when parts of a car are replaced, it’s necessary to perform a reset operation to keep things moving properly. One such example occurs after you replace the blend door actuator. Do you know how to perform a blend door actuator reset?
In this article, we discuss what the blend door actuator is and show you how to reset it. We also discuss the reasons why you would want to recalibrate the actuator. Finally, we examine the cost of having the blend door actuator replaced.
What is the Blend Door Actuator?
The blend door actuator is a major component of the car’s heating and air conditioning system. It helps to run the blend doors, which combine the cold and hot air together to reach the appropriate temperature. The actuator will open or close the doors controlling airflow to the vehicle’s cabin. It’s just a small motor that’s connected to the blend doors through linkages.
The actuators are responsible for managing several modes, including defrost, floor, vent and bi-level coverage. As you change the system’s setting, the actuator moves the blend door to correct its position. So, if you choose the vent setting, the actuator will adjust the door so that the airflow is directed out of the dashboard vents.
How to Perform a Blend Door Actuator Reset
To reset a blend door actuator, you must remove the actuator and turn on maximum heat on the climate control. Turn the blend door shaft until maximum heat comes from the vents, then reinstall the actuator. Finally, turn on the air conditioner and test the blend door actuators before putting everything back together.
However, in some modern car models, the blend door actuator reset can simply be done electronically with a diagnostic tool, so you want to check if this is possible in your car model first.
Here is a more detailed list of the steps to manually reset a blend door actuator:
1. Locate Blend Door Actuator
Depending on what type of vehicle you drive, there could be one or two blend doors. They can be found on both the driver and passenger sides. You want to reference the service manual to get more information. In many cases, it is found near the rear of the stereo setup, at the center of the dashboard.
You may need to remove some bolts on either side to take out the console. It’s also possible that you need to disconnect electrical components in addition to the shifter. Once the stereo is out, you should see the actuator assembly.
2. Remove Actuator
The next step is to remove the actuator from the shaft. Make sure the actuator and blend door shaft move freely. If the mixing door shaft does not move freely, you may need to make more diagnoses and lubricate the blend door.
3. Turn on Vehicle
It is now time to turn on the car engine to get some heat in the car. Start the engine and make sure the parking brake is engaged. Either you want to do this outdoors or make sure to have good ventilation where the car is going.
5. Turn on AC
With the accessories powered on, you should be able to switch the air conditioning system on. Use the knob or controls to turn it on.
Move the settings from cold to hot. Ensure that you select the maximum heat possible.
6. Calibrate Blend Door Actuator
Allow the engine to warm up and try moving the mixture door actuator in both directions to see which direction you get heat blowing from the vents and in which direction you get cold air. Allow each function to run for a couple of minutes before switching it again to be sure.
7. Put Back Together
Turn the blend door shaft to the direction where the most heat is coming from the vents and ensure again that the max heat is selected on the climate control unit.
Reinstall the blend door actuator and try different settings on the climate control to ensure both cold and warm air is coming. If it doesn’t work as it should, you can do the procedure again.
Make sure everything is secure and try out the air conditioning system once again. If something doesn’t seem right, you might want to enlist the help of a professional for an additional diagnosis or use a repair manual for your specific car model.
Reasons to Reset Blend Door Actuator
Installed New Actuator
The actuator is a small component and can be easily broken. It’s not made of high-quality materials, so it could easily wear down after many uses. For this reason, it’s possible that you need to install a new actuator to keep the air conditioning system working.
If you’ve replaced the actuator, it’s important to reset and reconfigure it. While everything might work normally on its own, it’s important to ensure proper regulation. Otherwise, the air conditioning system might not operate the way you planned.
Requires Recalibration (Electronically)
If you’ve disconnected the system module fuse for any reason, the module may need to be recalibrated. You want the actuator to remain at its best position, so it’s wise to take these steps.
In most cases, the module will force recalibration at the beginning of ignition. It’s part of the startup process. However, you may need to manually recalibrate it if you hear unusual clicking or noises during this startup time.
Actuator is Stuck
Those noises could have something to do with the actuator getting stuck. It’s also possible that there’s been some kind of mechanical or electrical failure that must be dealt with. In either case, you don’t want to manually shift the doors to get them working. It’s best to work through a proper diagnosis and run the recalibration steps.
If there’s been a glitch in the amount of power received, the motor can also go into a failsafe mode. However, resetting the actuator might be enough to fix it. Additionally, you should always consider the possibility that failure is due to contaminated tracing pins. These are found near the back of the output shaft. If there’s debris on the pins, the connection could be lost. In this case, you must only wipe the pins clean and reset the actuator to get running again.
Blend Door Actuator Repair Cost
On average, you may spend $300 to $400 to have the blend door actuator replaced. This price would include the parts and labor, which means you don’t have to perform the reset either. However, you could save a lot of money by performing the work yourself since the parts may only cost $100 to $150.
The final cost will depend on numerous factors. The type of vehicle you drive, where you take it for repair, and how difficult the installation is can all change the total price that’s paid in the end.
How do I know if my blend door is stuck?
The easiest way to tell if your blend door is stuck is to remove the blend door actuator and try turning the shaft with your hands. If you can’t move it at all, your blend door is probably stuck.
Do I need to calibrate the blend door actuator?
If you ever removed or replaced the blend door actuator, but did not reset it after reinstalling it, you probably need to reset and calibrate the blend door actuator. In some models you can do this electronically, but sometimes you need to reset it manually.
What causes a blend door actuator to fail?
The most common reason for a blend door actuator to fail is simply due to age. However, if the blend door is stuck or turns slowly, this will put more stress on the actuator and may cause it to break.
Is the blend door open or closed for heat?
Whether the blend door is open or closed for heat depends on the car model. To find out which direction is hot and which is cold, you should start and warm up the car. Remove the actuator and manually rotate the blend door shaft in both directions.